Whether it be an earthquake or a tsunami, a cyclone or floods, the risk of a natural event turning into a disaster always depends only partly on the force of the natural event itself. The living conditions of the people in the regions affected and the options available to respond quickly and toprovide assistance are just as significant.

Those who are prepared, who know what to do in the event of an extreme natural event, have a greater chance of survival. Countries that see natural hazards coming, that are preparing for the consequences of climate change and are providing the financial means required will be better prepared for the future. The WorldRiskReport should contribute to look at these links at a global level and draw future-oriented conclusions regarding assistance measures, policies and reporting.

As an essential part of the WorldRiskReport, the WorldRiskIndex, created by United Nations Universitys Institute for Environment and Human Security, indicates the risk of disaster in consequence of exreme natural events for 171 countrys.

Each year the WorldRiskReport fokusses on special issues:

2015 "food security"

2014 „the city as a risk area“

2013 „health and healthcare“

2012 „environmental degradation and disasters“

2011 „governance and civil society“

WorldRiskIndex 2015

Where is the highest disaster risk in the world? In other words, where do natural hazards coincide with a vulnerable society? The WorldRiskIndex identifies the disaster risk hotspots in Central America, in the Southern Sahel, in Southeast Asia, and in Oceania – conspicuously often, countries with a high or very high risk are situated close to the equator. High exposure towards natural hazards is a significant risk driver, as demonstrated by the example of Japan. Owing to its exposure (the fourth highest worldwide), Japan belongs to the class with a very high disaster risk (ranking seventeenth worldwide), although, thanks to its very good level of development, the country shows only a very low level of vulnerability (the fifteenth best value worldwide). Liberia is the opposite example. While this West African country bears only a very low exposure (rank 113 of 171 countries), Liberia is extremely vulnerable due to its very poor economic and social situation – as was also dramatically demonstrated in the 2014/2015 Ebola epidemic. Liberia ranks sixth in the worldwide vulnerability comparison. The result is that it has a high disaster risk, putting it in fifty-seventh position worldwide. Looking at the table, it is noticeable that no less than six island nations are among the 15 countries with the highest risk worldwide – and the remaining nine are also situated next to the sea. This especially exposes them to sea-level rise, cyclones, and floods.

Food Security

There will be no more hunger in 2030. For the 795 million people worldwide who are massively undernourished in 2015, this promise is a good prospect. In September 2015, the heads of state and government of more than 150 countries agreed on including “Zero hunger” in the seventeen goals adopted at the UN Summit on Sustainable Development in New York. Since disaster risk and food security are mutually influential to a considerable extent, a world without hunger would mean fewer disasters. This is demonstrated by the WorldRiskReport 2015, which focuses on food security.

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2011 – 2015